IELTS Cambridge Book 9 Test 3 AC – Task 1

Question –


You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

The table below gives information on the ages of the populations of Yemen and Italy in 2000 and gives projections for 2050.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Answer –

The pie charts display the percentages of Italian and Yemeni citizens by age in 2000 and give predictions for 2050.

Overall, what stands out is that the proportion of the young population, under 15, is expected to decrease in both countries over the period given. Moreover, in both countries, most people fell and will fall in the 15 to 59 age group, except for Yemen in 2000, when it was second to the youngest age bracket.

Looking at the year 2000, the highest percentage of the Yemeni population was between zero and 14, at just over half, whereas this category made up the lowest share in Italy, at 14.3%. The majority of Italians, at 61.6%, were 15-59 years old, which was roughly 16% higher than Yemen’s value for the same category, while around 4% and a quarter of the total population was at least 60 years old in Yemen and Italy, respectively.

Focusing on the future, the share of the youngest populace is projected to go down to 37% in Yemen and just above a tenth in Italy, in contrast, the figure for the oldest people will roughly double in both nations. As for the 15 to 59 age category, its value is forecast to rise to 57.3% in Yemen but will drop to around 46% in Italy.