IELTS Cambridge Book 11 Test 1 AC – Task 1

Question –


You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below show the percentage of water used for different purposes in six areas of the world.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Answer –

The pie charts illustrate how much water is used for industrial, agricultural and domestic purposes in six regions of the Earth.

Overall, it can be seen that agriculture consumes the highest proportion of water in all six areas, except for North America and Europe, where the industry is responsible for the greatest consumption. Moreover, the highest share of domestic water is used in South America.

Looking at agricultural usage, the amount of water utilized for this purpose in South East Asia, Africa and Central Asia lies between 81% and 88%, and in South America, this figure accounts for nearly three-quarters of its total water use. Moreover, Europe’s consumption is just under a third and just less than a tenth more of this figure is consumed in North America.

As for industrial use, Europeans top the list, with over half of the total water used by industries, followed by North Americans, at 48%. In the remaining four areas, the value ranges from 5% to 12%. Regarding domestic use, South Americans consume more water than any other area for household purposes, at nearly a fifth, approximately double that of Africa, Central Asia and South East Asia each. Europe, at 15%, uses 2% more water to complete domestic chores than North America.