IELTS Cambridge Book 10 Test 1 AC – Task 1

Question –


You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

The first chart below shows how energy is used in an average Australian household. The second chart shows the greenhouse gas emissions which result from this energy use.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Answer –

The two pie charts represent how energy is utilized in the average home in Australia and the greenhouse gases emitted from this use of electricity.

Overall, what stands out is that heating both the home and the water consume the most power, while the figure for greenhouse gas emissions coming from ‘other devices’ and water heating is the highest.

Regarding power utilization, Australians use the vast majority of energy for warming the home and heating water, as the former takes up around 40%, and the latter comprises nearly a third of the total. ‘Other appliances’ account for 15% of the total, while refrigeration, cooling and lighting make up just over a tenth of the combined total.

Concerning greenhouse gas emissions, water heating is the largest contributor of greenhouse gas emissions, at around a third of the total, followed by ‘other appliances’ at roughly a quarter. Refrigeration produces nearly the same amount of greenhouse gas as heating, with 14% and 15%, respectively. Lighting, at 8%, releases 5% more greenhouse gases than cooling.